Posts By: Kayla Erickson

Ready to Serve You!

Jeremy Imhoff

Greetings from everyone at the Elgin Southwest Grain location. I hope everyone is well and staying safe in these unprecedented times. It looks like it is finally going to be spring. After the long winter, I think everyone is ready for some sunshine and warmth. We received plenty of snow this winter and maybe we will get a little more rain this spring, but with that said, we should have enough moisture in the ground to get us started. It looks like it will be a little later start to planting, just like last year, but I think we will get the crop in the ground quickly when it finally warms up.

With that said, we are ready to serve you with all your spring planting needs. We are filled up with all dry fertilizers and our blender is ready to go to work for you blending any mix you want. Just a little refresher, we carry Urea, Mesz, AMS, and Potash in bulk here on location. We also offer dry fertilizer delivery to the yard or field. In addition to that, we have four anhydrous plants in the surrounding area to serve you too. Here are the locations: right at the Elgin airport, right outside of Leith, north of New Leipzig, and south of New Leipzig along the highway 49. The supply chain seems to be opening a little more all the time and we are mostly back to normal with the supply of chemicals and fertilizers. Please feel free to give us a call at the office or you can call our Agronomist, Alexis Olson, to answer any of your agronomy questions.

Many people are still in the middle of calving. We have a large variety of ear tags and vaccines on hand. We also have an array of protein and mineral tubs along with different begged. FYI, we still have bulk calf creep and cow cake here on location to be picked up or delivered to the farm. We will have creep and tubs available for bookings for the summer months. We are working on a creep feed booking day, but it has been tough to get something nailed down. If you are interested in booking any tubs or creep before we have a booking day you can give Kristine Koepplin a call or call us here and we can help you with any questions you may have. If you are looking for any millet or sorghum for your haying needs, we have that available too. One last note, we also have some varieties of net wrap and twine on hand to assist you when it is time to roll up some bales.

The last thing I will talk about today is soon it will be time for summer fill for your home heating needs. I know a lot of us are still using our furnaces yet, but a person always has to look ahead. We will start summer fill at the end of May. If you have questions, please call, and talk to Karen. We have a large assortment of oil, grease, and DEF on hand. We have them in packages from quarts to 55-gallon drums. Please stop in and check it out. Lastly, when we dry out here, it will be a shotgun start to get the crop in. Everyone please stay safe and have a great spring. Remember we are here to help with any of your needs.

Jeremy Imhoff, Manager Elgin SWG

Energy Division Report

Jim Renke

Hello to everyone from all of us in the Petroleum Department!  As I write this update winter is taking a welcome break with temperatures in the 40’s.  What a difference than this time last year!

Propane pricing remained slightly below last year and currently looks to stay that way for now.  Inventories are more on the upper side of the five-year average vs. last year at this time when they were at the bottom of the five-year average.  For those of you who bought a LP Contract this year, it continues to be a very good value and saving customers a substantial amount of money.

Laurel, Montana is the primary refinery for our local supply.  They will be performing maintenance on the refinery starting the end of March to the beginning May.  The supply output will be reduced during that time period.  Consider visiting with our staff to discuss getting your fuel delivered before the spring rush and avoid the possibility of not getting your product in a timely manner.  Lemmon area customers can call Barb at 605 374-3301 and customers in the North areas can call the Dickinson Energy office at 701 483-5157 or you can call our sales staff:  Jared at 701 260-5235 or Savanna at 701 260-6415


*The cost of a New and Used TPP warranty is $799 each.

*There are $200 in rebates with warranty activation.

*New Warranty covers 10,000 hours or 10 years of coverage.

*Used Warranty covers 8,000 hours and 8 years of coverage. 

*The equipment Horsepower is 50HP per machine.

Warranties provide excellent value and can ride on top and beyond the OEM’s factory warranties.  If you would like more information on how to protect your farm equipment, please call Jared or Savanna, our Certified Energy Specialists, to go over the program details.


Question:  What are the six tasks of your engine oil?

  1. Reduce friction and wear – lubricate
  2. Carry away heat
  3. Disperse contaminants
  4. Protect against rust
  5. Control deposit formation
  6. Resist the attempts of heat and oxygen to change its properties.

Question:  What problems can occur when a bearing is lubricated with too much oil or grease?

Answer:  Higher energy consumption with oil/grease operating temperature, short lubricant life, and thinning oil film thickness.

Question:  What are the main factors that promote chemical degradation of lubricants?

Answer:  Air (oxygen), elevated temperatures, metals, and water.

The whole staff of Southwest Grain Petroleum would like to thank you for all your support in the past and look forward to working with you into the future.

Thank You,
Jim Renke, Manager Energy Division

Rumensin to Cows!

Heather Dykins

It has been a while since I wrote about Rumensin and it is something that should not be forgotten in our cow mineral and the benefits it provides.

Supplementing Rumensin will not only help in the calves’ diets, but it also improves feed efficiency in the cows’ diets.  By improving the feed efficiency, it can decrease your hay use by 10-11%. Feeding Rumensin 2 weeks prior to calving suppresses the cows from shedding the cocci within their manure. The prevents the baby calves picking it up in the environment.  All it takes is one oocyte cell of cocci ingested by a baby calf for them to break with cocci.

Rumensin causes a shift in rumen bacterial bugs which increases the population of the good bugs.  If the bugs are happy, the cow is happy!  Rumensin fed at 200 mg/head/day will add 0.2 lbs/head/day to your ADG.  So, do not be worried what Rumensin will do for your herd because the benefits are endless.

Rumensin is the ONLY approved ionophore for use in mature beef cows that can kill coccidia at three different stages in their life cycle.  This is more effective at a lower dose compared to other ionophores on the market.  If this sounds like something you would like to add into your program, call me or your local SWG and we will get you set up!

Thank you for your business!

Heather Dykins

Grain Division Report

Brian Fadness

Of the major commodities, spring wheat saw the most activity recently.  With little fundamental news available, investment money is the source of the futures movement.  Spring wheat futures have been range bound between $8.85 and $9.40 since the end of December.  Expect more of the same until a move above $9.40 can be maintained.  This would open the possibility of testing $9.50.  Keep cash sale targets in mind.  You can take action on those targets by turning them into offers that will automatically trigger a sale for you when your price target is hit.  This is a great way to reduce some of the stress of marketing.  Kayla and I would be happy to help you establish your offers!  New crop pricing should be considered too.  Quietly, Minneapolis December futures have crept back to $9.00.  This is a good place to start new crop sales and scale up with offers.  Hedge-to-arrive contracts are a good fit for marketing new crop.

Adding corn to our handle at New Salem went very well and we thank you for supporting our effort!  Corn demand remains dominated by the interior market as the US export program has not found any life.  Writing an HTA around $6.00 December futures would be a good place to start marketing new crop.

The US soybean export program has ground to a halt with South American soybeans taking the focus of world demand.  Starting new crop soybean sales at $14.00 would be ideal, but with $.55 of downside risk from the current Nov futures price of $13.85, the risk-reward points to this being a great price to start at too.

Cash offers were mentioned as part of a spring wheat marketing strategy, but these can be utilized in corn and soybeans too.

Brian Fadness, Grain Division Manager

Regional Manager’s Report – Feb 2023 Grain Mill

Delane Thom

We are in the month of February 2023 with this newsletter, and we have completed four full months of operations for fiscal 2023.  What a difference a year makes, again.  We received a fair amount of winter as compared to the last few years and must learn how to deal with it again.  The snow is good for moisture, as one bright spot with having winter.

Grain movement has been very steady over the past few months.  Rail freight continues to have some velocity issues again because of weather, but recently warmer/better weather has improved that a little.  We continue to be able to keep the facilities fluid with space for grain available most days.  The severe cold weather of late and the massive amounts of snow in the Rockies really had an impact to the train velocity.  The 2022 wheat quality is very good and that is a welcome thing.  Yields for the 2022 crop were good, and the market values have held much higher than what we would have expected.

Global grain supplies remain adequate, although a little lower than the past few years.  It is still not at critical supply stages by any means though.  Our grain handle for the first four months of fiscal 2023 shows a nice increase in volume, compared to the last couple of years, as demand seems to be picking up.  Spring will be more of a normal time this year as we still have a lot of snow on the ground in most places.  In the end Mother Nature will let us know when the time is right.

The crop inputs are yet another story.  Fertilizers shot higher in the early part of the fall due to higher commodity prices and some supply chain concerns with the Mississippi River system being at historical low water levels.  Spring supply was a hot topic at the time, and it is yet to be determined if the water levels will improve enough in time to ship barges north.  There is a lot of volatility in the crop nutrient markets as they are affected by weather and the cost of the feed stock products that make up fertilizers.  Crop Protection products are a wild card.  Active ingredients are getting held up in supply chain bottlenecks between the countries that make the active ingredients and the US, where the final products are made.  The energy markets settled back slightly, which is welcome relief as energy affects just about everything we do.  The physical supply of energy does not seem to be much of an issue now.  Energy in the form of natural gas influences fertilizer production as well as the logistics to move the final product to market.  Fuel surcharges are still a thing though and they affect most of the grain shipments as well as other products.  The crop yields for the 2022 growing season did not leave a lot of crop nutrients in the soil, so testing is of utmost importance this year to make sure we know what is available and what we need to add.

As of this writing, we closed the first four months of fiscal 2023 (September 1, 2022, thru December 31, 2022).  We are off to a pretty good start with grain volume higher than normal, while input sales slower due to volatility in those markets.  We are still able to hold expenses in check and have a good handle on the expenses we can control.  The input side of the business feels like it is where it should be and will continue to contribute “normal” sales and margins could be tighter due to inventory positioning.  Energy supply (other than the normal issues with #1 winter diesel fuel and propane) has not been much of an issue.  Fundamentally, the business is sound and feeling pretty good after four months of the new fiscal year under our belt.

At this time, we would anticipate patronage being distributed on Fiscal 2022 business but do not have final rates or how it will be handled in terms of qualified or non-qualified distribution.  The patronage distribution should happen in February for those who have signed up for ACH and in early March for those that receive a physical check.  The Patronage will be good based on the close of the fiscal year on August 31, 2022.  During fiscal 2022, all age 70 requests were paid, and new age requests were processed as they were submitted.  All estates continue to be paid as they are requested, and they are the priority during the fiscal year.  In the past 7 years, we have distributed over $16 million back to our owners in estate and age retirements.  This is in addition to the current activity each year.

Feed sales held steady due to the decent hay crop we experienced this past growing season.  The downside is the extreme cold weather has put pressure on the hay and forage supply.  Ranchers have had to feed early and for a longer time in the cold and wet weather.  There has been steady movement of calves throughout the fall and by now many of the calves held over into the new year have been sold.  Prices have held strong and replacement stock is at good values.  Feed quality testing is so important so you can know what you have for forage.  They you are able to work with our nutrition people to get that in balance for the best use.  Coming into calving, nutrition is at a high point of importance to bring the cows thru calving in good shape.  Check with your nearest CHS – SWG Feed Sales rep to help them understand your plans.  Together you can find out what the quality is of the forage you have and how to balance that.

With calving just around the corner, it makes sense to check with your SWG Feed Salespeople for all your animal health needs.  If you have a prescription from your vet that needs to be filled, we can accommodate that at all our locations that handle animal health products.  We have some very knowledgeable staff that are continually training to service your animal health needs.  With the VFD (Veterinary Feed Directive) rules that became effective a couple of years ago, we are working closely with all local area vets to help our customers do the right thing when it comes to feeding antibiotics to cattle.  Our partnership with West River Vet Clinic in Hettinger will continue to prove to be valuable as we work thru this process.  We will fill all VFD prescriptions at all our locations and have the training in place to maintain the necessary records to comply.  Let us know what you need, and we will do our best to make it available when you need it.

Thanks to our employees for making safety a part of the culture and for maintaining our level of compliance excellence.  Safety is something that we take seriously and continually work on to get better.  It is evident that compliance is something that will never, ever be “done” and is constantly changing at the regulator level.  Safety at the farm level is something that should not be taken for granted.  Our customers are the most important piece of our business, and we need to help protect them daily.  These things do not need to happen if you just stop and think about safety first.  During the busiest times of the year, it should be talked about and each of you should have a plan in place.

Another ongoing reminder related to equity retirement; Any requests for equity retirement either for age or estate require a form to be filled out.  You can contact our main office and we can help you with the necessary forms to get this doneAlso, remember that the age requirement is currently at age 70, so please plan and get the request submitted.  Talk to your relatives, friends, and neighbors who are out of the area, so they are aware of the process.  They simply need to call us, and we will check on the equity balance, see if it is eligible, and send the necessary forms for the request.  

As always, thank you for your continued support of the cooperative system, and for putting your trust in our people, and our piece of the company.  The success of your cooperative is not about any one person or event, but a true team effort.  Please feel free to contact us with any questions, suggestions, or concerns.

Remember “Do it Safe by Choice”.

I will leave you with this quote:

“Your life does not get better by chance; It gets better by change ”

Delane Thom, Regional Manager

Spring Planting Safety Tips

It is no surprise that the agriculture industry is the most dangerous industry in the US.  That is why it is important to take every precaution during spring planting.  This time of year, farmers will feel most rushed to get their fields planted.  The time delay due to moisture forces many to work long hours.


  1. Transport Safely.  Make sure your equipment is compliant with the state’s specific agriculture road travel equipment safety requirements.  These requirements include proper lighting and marking requirements to draw attention to the size, shape and speed of agricultural vehicles and to alert drivers that caution is required.  There are specific requirements for different types of equipment.
  2. Encourage youth involvement on the farm, but make sure to match age and ability level with each chore.  Also, develop a set of guidelines for your family, so each member knows what they can and cannot do on the farm.  Always know where children are on the farm and ensure safe practices.
  3. Stay Healthy.  Take breaks and allow yourself to re-energize.  Without an adequate amount of sleep and proper nutrition, you will be operating at a reduced level in the fields.  When fatigue sets in, that is when injuries and mistakes are most likely to happen.  Remind workers to stay hydrated and rested outside of the farm.  Take extra precaution as weather heats up in the transition to summer.
  4. Inspect your space.  Look critically for hazards before you start planting, and before they become real hazards.  Think about new safety precautions you can implement this year, such as a lock-out tag-out program to prevent injuries.  Inspect your equipment if it has not been used since last year and make sure it is serviced before taking it out into the field.
  5. Make sure all safety guards, shields, and access doors are in place.  If one is removed for service, put it back again when complete.  If you purchased a used piece of equipment, do a check to make sure all safety devices are present.
  6. Keep the access stairs and operator’s platforms clear of tools and other items while performing maintenance on tractors and machinery.  Slips and falls are common injuries while working in the shop as you mount and dismount the equipment.  Refrain from jumping off equipment.
  7. Be a safety role model.  Develop a safety plan for the farm.  Teach proper safety skills to kids and teens and remember they will mimic what they see their parents and mentors do.  Practice what you preach.

Clint Thom, Regional Safety Director

From the Board Room – Feb 2023 Grain Mill

Shane Sickler

Good morning to all our fellow producers and ranchers of SWG!  February is here!  If you did not know it, just ask a tax accountant or your spouse, as here we are working on bookwork and digging out receipts to finish before the end of the month.  As we get older, we get more excited trying to understand what all the expenses were for 2022… or should I say anxious?!  Who doesn’t “love “tax” February… haha!  Think of those busy bookkeepers that keep track of records to show their losses and gains.

It is also the start of longer days and nights for ranchers as calving season is upon us as well.  This may be only the beginning of calving, as I write this, but the next one you get to read may be close to the end of the 2023 calving season, and everyone will be readying equipment for planting and spring fieldwork.  Good luck to all those calving and we pray it will be better weather than spring 2022 was.  Do not hesitate to ask SWG for their help and expertise with all your caving and vet needs as we try to have supplies on hand at all locations.

Spring is just around the corner and the planning of your input needs are getting finalized with seed and fertilizer needs, as well as chemical requirements to get the 2023 planting season off to a great start.  Thankfully, fertilizer prices are moving in the right direction, helping to cut some input costs.  This should help you feel a bit more excited to replenish the soil health after taking so much out in the 2022 crop year.  Your SWG agronomists are here to help you decide on all your needs with the moisture we received to get the maximum yield out of your fields.

As we move closer to starting another year in agriculture, we pray Mother Nature will be kind to us!  I hope I did not jinx it now by bringing up the subject… with all that fog we experienced all winter!  If you follow the old wives’ tales, it would be predicting lots of moisture in 90 days.  Local meteorologists say there is no truth to that, but we all know they are known to miss the mark some days.  So, we wait and see if we get some significant rain or snow.  I will report on that old folklore in the next article!  We have been blessed with some very nice temperatures lately.  These helped melt away some of that November snow, especially in SW ND.  There is a lot of water running through everyone’s yards!

It was a busy fall and winter in the SWG board room.  CHS was busy educating the board on proposed changes happening in the by-laws that we will vote on at the next fall annual meeting (Fall 2023).  I will try to give you a short explanation.  On your patronage statement you receive each year, you will see that CHS withholds 10% into unallocated reserve.  This has been done for many years.  The unallocated funds are used for capital improvements & for future growth of CHS.  The management team & the CHS board would like to have the ability to increase the unallocated funds up to 45% to help pay on capital, as a large group of members (the baby-boomers) are nearing the age of 70 and their full patronage will be paid.  Please contact your area board member or me with any questions.

In closing, I would like to thank you once again for choosing SWG for all of your farming and ranching needs.  I would also like to thank Michelle Barnhart for all her years of service to the patrons of SWG and the petroleum office in Dickinson.  We appreciate all of her knowledge and willingness to help everyone!  We wish her all the best!

Have a safe spring with calving and planting.  Stay healthy and grateful, and take care of each other!

Shane Sickler, SWG Producer Board President

Mycotoxins vs. Molds

Kristine Koepplin

Are Mycotoxins and molds the same? What is a Mycotoxin versus Mold? Often these two terminologies get used interchangeably, and often considered the same. However, they are not the same. Mycotoxins are a secondary metabolite (or natural substance) produced by molds under stressed conditions. Scientists do not know how many mycotoxins may exist at this point, even though more than 500 different mycotoxins have identified. Mycotoxins can be found on many different types of forages and grains. The growth of mycotoxins on feedstuffs is typically promoted by heat and moisture. However, mycotoxins can be produced by other stress conditions like drought as well as late harvest due to wet weather.  

Different mycotoxins cause different diseases and are different from each other. Diseases in animals caused by mycotoxins are called mycotoxicoses. Mycotoxicoses occur when one or more mycotoxin enters the body usually by consumption of contaminated feed. The illness in the animal is caused by actions of mycotoxins on the cells in the body and the immune system is not stimulated to fight off the mycotoxicosis. Mycotoxicoses are not contagious and do not spread from animal to animal with the herd or pen, however multiple animals are often affected due to the contaminated feeds.

Diseases directly caused by mold or fungal infections are called mycoses. Mycoses occur when a mold or fungi infect tissues of the body. Mycoses can be contagious, spreading from animal to animal. Molds begin to grow in the body or on the body after the infections are started. The animal’s immune system may be stimulated to fight of the infection of a mycoses. Ringworm and athlete’s foot are common mycoses.

Diagnosis of mycotoxicoses is typically difficult as mycotoxins rarely can be found in the tissues of the animals due to limited availability testing offered. Therefore, diagnosis depends heavily on testing the forages or grain, which collecting representative samples of the feeds are very important. Molds are often visible on the forages or grains and be a variety of colors. The color or level of mold does not reflect the type or level of mycotoxins. Mycotoxins can be present when molds are not visible. Mold counts do not equal mycotoxins. It is recommended to test grains and forages using a mycotoxin analytical test to identify mycotoxin species in your feedstuffs. By the time you can see mold growth, the nutritional value is compromised and most of the digestible nutrients are gone.

The most common mycotoxins are: aflatoxin, deoxynivalenol (DON) or vomitoxin, zearalenone, T-2 Toxin and fumonisin. Mycotoxins in high enough concentrations can cause reduced feed intake, poor performance and production, decreased immune function and increased susceptibility to diseases. If you have any further questions about mycotoxins or testing any forages and grains for mycotoxins, contact your local nutrition consultant or veterinarian.  

Thank you and have a safe winter!
Kristine Koepplin
Livestock Nutrition Specialist
New Salem & Elgin

Carlson, M. NebGuide. Understanding Fungal (Mold) Toxins (Mycotoxins).
Griffin, D. Food Animal Practice. Cow-Calf Operation Beef Quality Assurance. P589-590.
Drouin. P, Lallemand Animal Nutrition. Silage Management Technical Guide.P. 50-52.

Grain Division Report

Brian Fadness

New Salem is handling corn! If you have not noticed, New Salem has a daily posted bid for corn… check it out. We bought some corn already, will be loading a train soon, and we look forward to handling more! The corn market is dominated by interior demand and exports are not likely to see any life until maybe sometime in first quarter of 2023. Without an active, consistent corn export market it has been difficult to maintain space.

Soybean exports are strong off the west coast. There was also export demand for soybeans in the Gulf, but with the low water levels on the Mississippi River causing barge tow and draft sizes to be limited, most of that business got shifted to the PNW. The shift created additional PNW soybean demand, but this displaced demand will move back to the Gulf as rains start to add run off to Mississippi River system. The U.S. soybean export program will start to wrap up in late December into January as the new crop Brazilian soybeans become available to the world market. Please make plans for marketing soybeans accordingly. If you have soybeans to move, please let us know so we can lock in a home and freight.

Minneapolis Spring Wheat futures are trading in a range of $9.06 on the bottom side to $10.00 on the top side. There were a couple of break out days to about $10.15 when Russia was stalling ships leaving Ukrainian ports with inspections taking 10-15 days. This little break out lasted as long as it took for the rhetoric and headlines to change. Export demand for spring wheat is okay but it is slowing down to close out the year. Domestic demand remains constant. However, railroads are struggling to place cars for domestic moves, and are running about 3.5 weeks late.

Keep an eye on the opportunities with new crop HTA’s. At the time of this writing, Minneapolis December 2023 is at $9.34; December 2023 corn $6.14; November 2023 soybeans $13.86.

Brian Fadness, Manager Grain Division

Hello from Richardton!

Shayna Dressler

We just finished our 2nd Annual Bale Decorating Contest! We would like to thank Mark and Judy Hoff for letting us borrow their straw bales. We would also like to thank all our participants; Dakota Community Bank and Trust, Amber Waves, Richardton Health Center, Suzy’s Stash, Stone Mill, RTHS Student Council, Stone Ag, Richardton Taylor Ambulance, and Sit-n-Bull Bar. We would like to congratulate our winning bale, decorated by Bartow Builders!

We are stocked up on high protein lick tubs for the winter, including NE-30’s and Hi-Pro 40’s. Don’t forget to bring back your empty lick tubs for $15 credit per tub! We are also approaching the liquid feed season. We offer Forager Pro 40 liquid in two options: regular and bio-mos.
We are offering soil testing (weather pending). Contact us to get your soil tested. By getting your soil tested and analyzed, we can pinpoint your exact fertilizer needs. Speaking of fertilizer, prepay is now available for dry fertilizer!

As always, we thank you for your continued business!
Shayna Dressler,
Operations Supervisor

© 2023 CHS Inc. | Cookie Preferences